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Russian Tortoise Care: How to Keep Your Pet Healthy and Happy

Are you wondering to know about your russian tortoise care? You have come to the right place.

Russian tortoises are one of the most popular species of pet tortoises due to their hardy nature and friendly personalities. However, owning a Russian tortoise is a big responsibility, and it’s essential to understand how to properly care for them. In this article, we’ll cover everything you need to know about Russian tortoise care, from setting up their enclosure to providing a balanced diet and ensuring their overall health and happiness.

Setting Up Your Russian Tortoise’s Enclosure

One of the most important aspects of Russian tortoise care is providing them with a suitable enclosure. Here are the key factors to consider:

Size of the Enclosure

Russian tortoises are active creatures that require ample space to roam around. Ideally, you should provide a minimum of 8 square feet of floor space for one tortoise, and an additional 2 square feet of floor space for each additional tortoise.

Temperature and Lighting

Russian tortoises require a basking spot with a temperature of 90-95°F and a cooler side with a temperature range of 70-80°F. You’ll also need to provide them with a UVB light source, which helps them synthesize vitamin D3 and maintain strong bones.


The substrate you choose should be able to hold moisture and promote burrowing. Good options include coconut coir, organic potting soil, or a mixture of sand and topsoil.

Feeding Your Russian Tortoise

A balanced diet is essential for keeping your Russian tortoise healthy and happy. Here’s what you need to know about feeding them:

What to Feed Your Russian Tortoise

Russian tortoises are herbivores, and their diet should consist primarily of dark, leafy greens such as kale, collard greens, and dandelion greens. They can also be fed small amounts of vegetables such as carrots and squash, as well as some fruits.

How Often to Feed Your Russian Tortoise

Adult Russian tortoises should be fed daily, while juveniles should be fed twice a day. You should also provide them with a calcium supplement to help maintain healthy bones.

Maintaining Your Russian Tortoise’s Health

In addition to providing a suitable enclosure and a balanced diet, there are a few other things you can do to ensure your Russian tortoise stays healthy:

Regular Vet Check-Ups

It’s important to take your Russian tortoise to the vet for regular check-ups. A vet can check for any health issues and provide advice on how to care for your tortoise.


Russian tortoises require a shallow water dish for soaking, as well as daily misting to keep their skin hydrated.


Russian tortoises are active creatures and require daily exercise to stay healthy. You can provide them with a designated area outside of their enclosure to roam around and explore.


Proper Russian tortoise care involves providing a suitable enclosure with proper temperature and lighting, a balanced diet, and regular vet check-ups, hydration, and exercise. By following these guidelines, you can ensure your pet Russian tortoise lives a healthy and happy life.


  1. Can Russian tortoises live together?
    • Yes, Russian tortoises can live together as long as you provide enough space and resources for each tortoise.
  2. How long do Russian tortoises live?
    • Russian tortoises can live for up to 50 years in captivity with proper care.